Conditions That Could Cause Your Dog to Limp
As with people, dogs can experience various issues that can cause limping. However, unlike humans, dogs can't say what happened to them or how much their leg, paw or ankle hurts. It's up to you as the dog owner to determine what's causing your dog's limp and discomfort so you can know how to help.
Below are the top 3 most common conditions we see in dogs that lead to limping. If you believe that your dog could be suffering from any of these issues it's time to head to the vet:
Cranial Cruciate Ligament Tears
Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) ruptures and tears are the most common leg injuries in dogs and are typically caused by overexertion in exercises such as running and jumping. Certain dog breeds are at higher risk of this injury than others including German shepherds, Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, rottweilers, and Newfoundlands.
This injury is most common in small breed dogs such as Pomeranians, chihuahuas, and Yorkshire terriers, however, it's seen in dogs of all breeds. And it occurs when a dog's patella (kneecap) shifts out of alignment with the femur (thighbone). When this injury takes place in small dogs it generally occurs towards the inside of the limb or medially, it can also happen laterally but that is usually only seen in larger breeds.
Canine Carpal Hyperextension
This condition is most common in active larger breed dogs, but it can still affect smaller breeds. It's seen in the forelimb just above the dog's paw and happens when a dog applies excessive force to the carpus joint making it collapse. Symptoms of this injury include favoring one leg over another, swelling in the forelimb, and joint instability.
What are some other possible causes of a dog limp?
Your dog's limping could be caused by something minor like a small stone caught between their toes or it could be an indication of a serious health concern. As well as the 3 listed above, below we list other common conditions and injuries that could cause your dog to limp:
- Trauma, such as broken bones
- Strains or tears (ligaments, tendons, muscles)
- Something painful stuck in their paw
- Insect bite or sting
- Vascular conditions
- Inflammatory conditions
- Infectious diseases, such as Lyme
Should I take them to the vet right away, or wait?
While it's not always necessary to visit the vet as soon as your dog starts limping, there are some situations where your pooch requires veterinary care. If any of the following apply to your dog it's time to contact your veterinarian or your nearest emergency animal clinic for care.
- Limping for more than 24 hours without improvement
- Limping in combination with a fever
- Limbs that feel hot to the touch
- A broken limb (will be at an irregular angle)
- Any moderate to severe swelling
- A dangling limb (this indicates dislocation)
How can I help my limping dog?
As soon as you see your dog limping, do your best to help them rest. It's important to limit their mobility because any additional strain could make the injury worse. You should also, hold off on exercising your dog until they have recovered, and keep them on a leash when you take them outside for bathroom breaks because they may try to run.
Examine your pup's foot for signs of injury, such as cuts. Call your vet if you notice something painful.
If you believe your dog's limp is being caused by inflammation, try alternating between heat and ice packs as a way to help reduce swelling and discomfort. Contact your vet for recommendations on which to apply and when.
Look for bleeding. This should give insight into whether your dog has experienced an injury, bite, or puncture.
In most cases, if your dog's limp isn't severe, you can just monitor your pup's progress at home over 24-48 hours, watching for more symptoms or to see if the limp becomes more pronounced.
When should I call my veterinarian?
If the limp doesn't start resolving itself, is getting worse, or is accompanied by whining or yelping, it's time to call your vet or visit your nearest emergency pet hospital.
If you're unsure of what to do it's always best to err on the side of caution and book an examination for your pup. Your veterinarian will be able to diagnose the cause of your pup's limp and provide you with steps to take to help resolve the issue.
Your veterinarian has the training and knowledge needed to diagnose the cause and determine the severity of your pup's pain. A thorough examination may include blood work, tick testing, or X-rays. Your dog's breed, history, age, and general health will all be considered in the diagnosis, as well as the prescribed treatment plan.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.